1st Modal Method
The Relative Approach:
C D E F G A B
C Ionian (Major scale)
D E F G A B C
E F G A B C D E Phrygian
F G A B C D E F Lydian
G A B C D E F G
A B C D E F G A Aeolian
(Relative minor scale)
B C D E F G A B Locrian
relative approach is the most common way of presenting
the modes. It is good for analytical purposes but has no
direct, practical application. The key of “C” is
commonly used for example because it’s the only natural
key, requiring no sharps or flats. After learning the
modes in this way, many guitar students say, "It sounds
like the same old scale only starting on different
notes?" This is one of the major drawbacks of this
method, although it
clearly illustrates modal origins. While
not commonly taught, the Major scale is actually
heptatonic in nature. Hepta, a Greek prefix meaning
seven, and tonic meaning the first note in a scale,
suggests the seven modes
scales in the same way the term Pentatonic suggests five
scales or modes. Perhaps a more descriptive name for the
Major scale would be the Heptatonic Ionian Major scale.
2nd Modal Method
Formulas to calculate
the equivalent Major Scale:
= (Major scale) Dorian: Whole step down
Phrygian: 2 Whole steps
up (3˝ steps)
4th up (2˝ steps)
Aeolian: 1˝ steps up
Locrian: ˝ step up
formulas can be useful for isolated scale or relative
key signature calculation. However, they require Major
scale orientation, despite the fact that most
guitarists' orientation is towards pentatonic or blues
3rd Modal Method
Modes of the Major
Conventional Modal Formulas:
4-5-6-7,1-2-3,4 Lydian Notice:
all half steps are between 3,4
The above intermediate
step is typically not shown, too bad, it's
great on guitar for single string playing. And also,
each tonic or root number reflects the mode number,
double cool! But unfortunately these formulas are
redefined to start with number 1, creating 7
Conventional Modal Formulas, bummer. The following list
is how these conventional formulas are ordinarily shown,
with 7 intervallic patterns to remember instead of
simply one. This conventional modal method clutters and
over complicates the issue unnecessarily.
7 Conventional Modal Formulas:
may be useful for someone in this form? Using these
formulas require a lot of extra memorization
and reorientation to apply for scale usage. It seems that these formulas were more useful in
the previous form?
4th Modal Method
1 2 3 4 5
6 7 Ionian
1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7 Dorian
1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
1 2 3 #4 5 6 7
1 2 3 4 5 6 b7 Mixolydian
1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7
definitions show how the modes vary from the Major
approach, while informative, also requires Major
scale orientation. Fact is, the majority of guitarists’
are orientated towards pentatonic or blues scales.
5th and 6th
anywhere, usually standard major scale finger-patterns)
These modes are
commonly shown in 2 different ways for guitar,
string/fret grids and musical notation (standard or
tablature). Both methods are very inefficient since no
differentiation is made between finger-patterns and
scales, hence, only one scale per finger-pattern is
shown in contrast to a possible 14 scales (modes) per
in all the methods teaching the modes, only seven
modes are recognized.
remaining seven modes have been
completely overlooked, including
The most renowned mode
of all time, the notable
! ! !
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Revelations™ . . . the 7th Method of Modal Awareness
revolutionary Modal Modulator™
parallel scale formulas:
14 possible modes or
scales are easily obtainable, and if you prefer, even with
a single finger-pattern!
And in addition,
as a result of using the
finish up with a common tonic
or root tone, so they're
withThe Pitch Axis Theory,
empowering all guitarist's with ability to freely substitute scales.
series. The 14 scale
1h: Ionian major scale (a.k.a.
The Major scale)
Pentatonic Ionian Major scale (a.k.a.
The Pentatonic Major scale)
2h: Dorian minor scale
Pentatonic Dorian minor scale
3h: Phrygian minor scale
Pentatonic Phrygian minor scale
4h: Lydian Major scale
Root-less Lydian-7 Major scale
5h: Mixolydian Major scale
Pentatonic Mixolydian Major scale
6h: Aeolian minor scale (a.k.a.
The Natural, Pure, or Relative, minor scale)
Pentatonic Aeolian minor scale (a.k.a.
The Pentatonic minor scale
or Blues scale)
7h: Locrian diminished scale
Root-less Locrian-4 diminished scale
the and most complete
because it's referenced to the way guitarists' think,
pentatonic or blues scales.
Hail Hail Rock and Roll ! ! !
scales multiplied by all 12 keys totals 168 scales,
and even using just one finger pattern!
all 5 pentatonic/Major scale finger-patterns and get 840 configurations
then add in
combinations or hybrid finger-patterns, and you'll see
guitar method is
unrivaled in guitar playing shortcuts, and
standard equipment for the creative guitarist.
(though unnecessary since it's so easy to use)
G-Rev Modal Modulators
are all provided with quick start chord progressions.
And in addition for easy reference, the five standard
Pentatonic/Major scale finger-patterns are also included, and
Everything is conveniently held in a handy tri-fold
wallet with clear windows and stitched black trim. Truly a handy grasp of the entire guitar
make the simple complicated. The secret is making the
- Charles Mingus